Although the blackouts and brownouts that plague California haven't reached Midwest states like Ohio yet, that hasn't stopped engineers and scientists in the buckeye state from finding better ways to produce electric power. The plan is to use a Norton, OH limestone mine as a storage facility for compressed air released from a nearby power plant. The idea is to build air pressure into the mine during evenings, weekends, and other off-peak hours, according to the Department of Energy's Steve Bauer. His job involves characterizing the limestone rock's mechanics and airflow properties, because without a clear understanding of the behavior of the rock in a pressurized state and the behavior of fluid in the rock, funding agencies are reluctant to back the plan. "The mine acts as a vessel that contains the air at pressures from 800 to 1,600 psi," says Bauer. He explains that in the rock's pores, the air will move from high pressure areas near mine surfaces to lower pressure areas away from mine surfaces when the air pressure is greater than the rock pore pressure. "The movement is very slow because of the low permeability of the rock and the fact that there is brine in the rock-pore space," says Bauer. During peak electrical usage times, the stored compressed air is bled off through turbines for creating additional electric power. Permits are currently being sought through the state's regulatory agency.
At the Design News webinar on June 27, learn all about aluminum extrusion: designing the right shape so it costs the least, is simplest to manufacture, and best fits the application's structural requirements.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This radio show will show what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.