Bob Percell, president of CAMotion, wants to put motion control within the reach of manufacturing processes that involve repetitive operations, but don't need expensive robotics. The company is using software algorithms developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology as the foundation of a motion-control system that will help manufacturers reduce labor involved with routine-inspection and material-handling tasks. Two types of algorithms are used in the CAMotion software. The first is a vibration-control algorithm that plans the robotic-axis trajectory. By damping out vibration, it allows use of lighter and less-expensive components. A learning algorithm helps the equipment improve its own performance. "Once the machine makes the moves through about five iterations, it learns the open loop, gets more accurate, and reduces the dynamic error by a factor of ten," says Purcell. The software also combines machine vision, encoders, and accelerometers for helping the system know its own location relative to the work. Percell says that software combined with smaller components can reduce automation costs from 10 to 30% in many applications.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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