The NEMA 23, 1.8-degree bipolar step motor has an integrated controller and delivers up to 294 oz-inch of holding torque. The unit has an input voltage range from 12 to 40V dc, phase current range from 0.3 to 3.0A peak, and microstepping capabilities of 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256x. With its integrated controller, the 23CE provides stand-alone operation without connecting to a PC. Four Kbytes of memory store up to 16 different programs. The unit has two dedicated inputs: one for an optical sensor for homing and another for switch closure to ground. Programmable items include four user-configurable digital I/O's, software-selectable hold and move currents, and fully-programmable ramps and speeds. System-level enhancements come from an optional converter card for RS485 communication and the integrated encoder with position correction capabilities that operates up to 1,250 cycles per revolution (CPR).
Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.