The NEMA 23, 1.8-degree bipolar step motor has an integrated controller and delivers up to 294 oz-inch of holding torque. The unit has an input voltage range from 12 to 40V dc, phase current range from 0.3 to 3.0A peak, and microstepping capabilities of 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256x. With its integrated controller, the 23CE provides stand-alone operation without connecting to a PC. Four Kbytes of memory store up to 16 different programs. The unit has two dedicated inputs: one for an optical sensor for homing and another for switch closure to ground. Programmable items include four user-configurable digital I/O's, software-selectable hold and move currents, and fully-programmable ramps and speeds. System-level enhancements come from an optional converter card for RS485 communication and the integrated encoder with position correction capabilities that operates up to 1,250 cycles per revolution (CPR).
More often than not, with the purchase of a sports car comes the sacrifice of any sort of utility. In other words, you can forget about a large trunk, extra seats for the kids, and more importantly driving in snowy (or inclement) weather. But what if there was a vehicle that offered the best of both worlds; great handling and practicality?
Science fiction author Isaac Asimov may have the best rules for effective brainstorming and creativity. His never-before-published essay, "On Creativity," recently made it to the Web pages of MIT Technology Review.
Much has been made over the potentially dangerous flammability of lithium-ion batteries after major companies like Boeing, Sony, and Tesla have grappled with well-publicized battery fires. Researchers at Stanford University may have come up with a solution to this problem with a smart sensor for lithium-ion batteries that provides a warning if the battery is about to overheat or catch fire.
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