The NEMA 23, 1.8-degree bipolar step motor has an integrated controller and delivers up to 294 oz-inch of holding torque. The unit has an input voltage range from 12 to 40V dc, phase current range from 0.3 to 3.0A peak, and microstepping capabilities of 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256x. With its integrated controller, the 23CE provides stand-alone operation without connecting to a PC. Four Kbytes of memory store up to 16 different programs. The unit has two dedicated inputs: one for an optical sensor for homing and another for switch closure to ground. Programmable items include four user-configurable digital I/O's, software-selectable hold and move currents, and fully-programmable ramps and speeds. System-level enhancements come from an optional converter card for RS485 communication and the integrated encoder with position correction capabilities that operates up to 1,250 cycles per revolution (CPR).
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.