The National Science Foundation is funding a collaborative effort between NASA and the University of Buffalo's Department of Physics to develop a new type of shock-absorbing system that may one day protect skyscrapers, bridges, shops, and automobile bumpers from powerful impacts. Surajit Sen, an associate professor of physics at the university, designed the new shock-absorbing system that consists of a long, cone-shaped chain of spheres. The sphere positioned closest to the expected source of a shock impulse is the largest. Each subsequent sphere is slightly smaller, with the smallest sphere positioned closest to the thing needing protection from shock. As mass is reduced, the energy of the impulse is distributed, according to Sen. He envisions a structural material embedded with chains of the spheres. For more information, call (716) 645-5000, send e-mail to email@example.com, or visit www.buffalo.edu.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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