To help detect infectious diseases such as anthrax, HIV, and smallpox, researchers from Northwestern University developed a technique for creating DNA detection probes to "fingerprint" these biological agents. Attached to tiny gold particles are molecules that provide a unique signal (the "fingerprint") when a light is shined on them and a single strand of DNA designed to recognize and bind a target of interest. If a disease target is present in the sample being tested, strands of DNA bind to the appropriate spot on the chip. Corresponding nanoparticle probes latch onto any matches, which are then coated with silver. A laser scans the chip, and signals for the probes are recorded. A unique "fingerprint" can be designed for each biological agent. For more information, contact Chad Mirkin at firstname.lastname@example.org.
One way to keep a Formula One racing team moving at breakneck speed in the pit and at the test facility is to bring CAD drawings of the racing vehicleís parts down to the test facility and even out to the track.
Most of us would just as soon step on a cockroach rather than study it, but thatís just what researchers at UC Berkeley did in the pursuit of building small, nimble robots suitable for disaster-recovery and search-and-rescue missions.
Design engineers need to prepare for a future in which their electronic products will use not just one or two, but possibly many user interfaces that involve touch, vision, gestures, and even eye movements.
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