Engineers at Ford are testing a new hydrogen fuel internal combustion engine (H2ICE) that reduces noxious emissions by 99.7% compared to gasoline combustion engines of similar size and power. Ford's P2000 research vehicle emits mostly water vapor and a small amount of carbon dioxide from the exhaust. It would take 300 hydrogen-powered vehicles to emit the same amount of carbon dioxide that comes from a single gasoline engine. "We made big improvements to this hydrogen engine by increasing the compression ratio and reducing oil consumption," says William Stockhausen, a staff technical specialist on Ford's H2ICE project. Other improvements include adding a solid-film lubricant and hard-surface treatments to the fuel injector system and a triple-redundant safety system. "We wanted to err on the side of safety," says Stockhausen. The P2000 H2ICE uses a modified Zetec 2.0-liter engine. Ford test results indicate the new engine is 25 to 30% more efficient than its gasoline counterpart. Ford's web site address is www.ford.com.
BMW has already incorporated more than 10,000 3D-printed parts in the Rolls-Royce Phantom and intends to expand the use of 3D printing in its cars even more in the future. Meanwhile, Daimler has started using additive manufacturing for producing spare parts in Mercedes-Benz Trucks.
Researchers have been developing a number of nano- and micro-scale technologies that can be used for implantable medical technology for the treatment of disease, diagnostics, prevention, and other health-related applications.
SABIC's lightweighting polycarbonate glazing materials have appeared for the first time in a production car: the rear quarter window of Toyota's special edition 86 GRMN sports car, where they're saving 50% of its weight compared to conventional glass.
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