Acoustics researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology (www.me.gatech.edu) have developed a piezoceramic actuator to eliminate brake squeals that occur when a vehicle slows down and the brake pads contact the rotor, setting up a vibration that manifests itself as a high-pitched noise. Mounted inside the brake piston, the actuator can suppress the vibration by applying bursts of a 20-kHz dithering frequency—above the human hearing range—to the backing plate of the inside brake pad. An open-loop control system that is connected to the brake-light switch, the actuator does not need any detector or logic system to determine the proper control frequency.
DIY candy, journeys to Mars, coding for road trips, and more. These STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) activity options will keep kids engaged this summer, from 10-minute activities to more advanced undertakings.
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