Acoustics researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology (www.me.gatech.edu) have developed a piezoceramic actuator to eliminate brake squeals that occur when a vehicle slows down and the brake pads contact the rotor, setting up a vibration that manifests itself as a high-pitched noise. Mounted inside the brake piston, the actuator can suppress the vibration by applying bursts of a 20-kHz dithering frequency—above the human hearing range—to the backing plate of the inside brake pad. An open-loop control system that is connected to the brake-light switch, the actuator does not need any detector or logic system to determine the proper control frequency.
More and more robots are becoming more autonomous all the time. Now Lockheed Martin has completed a demo mission with two completely autonomous robotic vehicles performing resupply, reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
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