When scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) ventured out into the Mojave dessert to test an inflatable rover, they had no idea that an accident with the device would provide a solution to a problem they needed to solve. The problem was how to propel and maneuver a rover on the surface of Mars. The shoulder-high tires on the rover test vehicle that JPL scientist Jack Jones and technician Tim Conners rolled out onto the Mojave Desert that windy day resembled large beach balls. While conducting experiments of how the rover might maneuver on the rocky surface of Mars, one of the wheels broke off and blew away. "It went a quarter of a mile in nothing flat," says Conners. He had to jump in an all-terrain recreational vehicle to chase down the wheel. "It soared," according to Jones, which gave him the beginning of a solution to his problem. "If we make these things big enough, nothing will stop them." The ball he envisions sending to Mars could have a diameter of twenty feet. The radar and electronic devices that the Rover carries are now placed inside the ball, suspended from the center of a spoke-like structure that extends to the giant ball's perimeter. There was still one problem—how to stop the ball or "throw anchor." The solution is partial deflation—lowering the devices contained within the ball down to the surface of the red planet, so tests and experiments can be conducted. When ready to move on to the next site, the ball re-inflates itself and waits for the next Martian wind to take it away. "This is preliminary work," cautions Jones, who thinks the idea might hold promise for the exploration of Mars, Pluto, Neptune, Jupiter, and other worlds with atmospheric winds. Although the ball seems to be at the mercy of the wind for now, Jones is working on a way to steer it. For more information, go to www.nasa.gov.
The engineers and inventors of the post WWII period turned their attention to advancements in electronics, communication, and entertainment. Breakthrough inventions range from LEGOs and computer gaming to the integrated circuit and Ethernet -- a range of advancements that have little in common except they changed our lives.
The age of touch could soon come to an end. From smartphones and smartwatches, to home devices, to in-car infotainment systems, touch is no longer the primary user interface. Technology market leaders are driving a migration from touch to voice as a user interface.
Soft starter technology has become a way to mitigate startup stressors by moderating a motor’s voltage supply during the machine start-up phase, slowly ramping it up and effectively adjusting the machine’s load behavior to protect mechanical components.
A new report from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) makes a start on developing control schemes, process measurements, and modeling and simulation methods for powder bed fusion additive manufacturing.
If you’re developing a product with lots of sensors and no access to the power grid, then you’ll want to take note of a Design News Continuing Education Center class, “Designing Low Power Systems Using Battery and Energy Harvesting Energy Sources."
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.