The next time you're sitting at a railroad crossing watching the tons of steel fly past you on a narrow strip of track, remember that University of Illinois professor of electrical and computer engineering Shun-Lien Chuang is working to keep that train on that track. He is developing sensors that, among other things, detect flaws in rails and wheels. The sensors detect a train's presence and speed on a given set of tracks. "They are different from conventional track circuit systems since fiber optics are the insulators and they are immune from electromagnetic interference," says Chuang. The sensors are based on optical signal transmission through fiber-optic cables that are attached to the rail. The fiber-sensor senses changes in the strain created by cracked, broken, or buckled rails as the train passes. As a train moves, pressure creates perturbations in the fiber-optic transmission. The reflectometry system measures the distance to the perturbations for pinpointing the train's speed and location. "We calibrate the intensity of the optical transmission as a function of the applied bending pressure," says Chuang. If the optical fiber on the rail bends, some of its light leaks out. The device uses optical time-domain reflectometry, which measures signal loss in the optical fiber as a function of distance, using a time-gated pulse-detection technique. "The fiber-optic sensor can be used for measuring other environmental changes such as temperature, stress, and structural integrity of bridges, buildings, and fuel tanks," he notes. Contact Chuang at the University of Illinois, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 1406 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801; or call (217) 333-3359.
Some of our culture's most enduring robots appeared in the 80s. The Aliens series produced another evil android, and we saw light robot fare in the form of Short Circuit. Two of the great robots of all time also showed up: The Terminator and RoboCop.
Optomec's third America Makes project for metal 3D printing teams the LENS process company with GE Aviation, Lockheed, and other big aerospace names to develop guidelines for repairing high-value flight-critical Air Force components.
This Gadget Freak review looks at a cooler that is essentially a party on wheels with a built-in blender, Bluetooth speaker, and USB charger. We also look at a sustainable, rotating wireless smartphone charger.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.