Ahmet Selamet, a professor of mechanical engineering at The Ohio State University (Columbus, OH), and his students are helping automotive engineers design new types of pipe adapters that fit into an automotive engine's air intake ductwork to reduce vehicle noise. A car's intake and exhaust systems contain branched pipes. "The pipes generate sound just like a flute or other wind instrument," says Selamet. "My investigation includes the basic physics that lead to the formation of whistles as well as understanding the effective devices and strategies to suppress them." Selamet's technique for eliminating noise is the use of various shapes for deflecting wind away from the coupling interfaces. In experiments, his team reduced whistling sound by 30 dB. For more information, call Selamet at (614) 292-4143 or visit the University's web site at www.osu.edu.
For decades, engineers have worked to combat erosion by developing high-strength alloys, composites, and surface coatings. However, in a new paper, a team at Jilin University in China turned to one of the most deadly animals in the world for inspiration -- the yellow fat-backed scorpion.
Green energy is being billed as a way to make communities that are energy deprived more self-sustaining. So it makes sense to use natural materials to create devices that harvest this type of energy. That’s the idea behind a hybrid wind/solar energy harvester made of bamboo that’s been developed by UVM researchers.
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