If you enter the intensive care unit (ICU) of a hospital any time soon, you may not want to know that most adults admitted to ICUs are not managed by a critical care team. The shortage of team members, or "intensivists" as Todd Dorman calls them, is setting off an alarm in health care that needs a response stat. Dorman, an M.D. and director of the adult critical care medicine division at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, points out that there are currently fewer than 10,000 intensivists in the U.S., but 35,000 to 40,000 are needed for sufficiently staffing the nation's ICUs. Dorman authored a paper suggesting that telemedicine may provide a way of stretching the expertise of existing intensivists in the future. He conducted a telemedicine study using cameras and data transmission equipment that showed that, with proper monitoring, death rates dropped 68% and complications dropped 50%. The lack of medical personnel and the potential cost savings associated with remote monitoring sends a message to medical equipment designers that their products will need to be Internet-ready in coming years, according to Dorman. "Better compression technology is needed so that bigger files can be transferred more quickly without just increasing bandwidth," he says. "Better transfer protocols are needed so that once 20 to 25% of a given bandwidth is utilized there should not be degradation of performance." For more information, visit www.med.jhu.edu.
In a bid to boost the viability of lithium-based electric car batteries, a team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has developed a chemistry that could possibly double an EV’s driving range while cutting its battery cost in half.
Using Siemens NX software, a team of engineering students from the University of Michigan built an electric vehicle and raced in the 2013 Bridgestone World Solar Challenge. One of those students blogged for Design News throughout the race.
Robots that walk have come a long way from simple barebones walking machines or pairs of legs without an upper body and head. Much of the research these days focuses on making more humanoid robots. But they are not all created equal.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.