Photonic Chips are wafer-based, integrated, optical sub-assemblies for high-volume telecommunication and data communications applications. They combine miniature optic and electronic components onto semiconductor wafer assemblies for use with optical fibers that have large voice, data, and video data-transfer capabilities. The manufacturer of high-performance optoelectronic devices that convert electrons to photons and back again relies mostly on manual assembly techniques. Digital Optics Corp. has developed a suite of manufacturing techniques that automate the making of optoelectronic modules. Passive components such as lenses and mirrors are fabricated on wafers using photolithography. Optical assemblies are built up through wafer-to-wafer bonding. Flip chip techniques are used for adding active components such as lasers and electronic elements. Initial applications for the technology include devices for short-range data communications and integrated sensor modules. Digital Optics Corp. works within an ISO 9001 infrastructure. Contact Digital Optics Corp., 5900 J. North Woods Business Pkwy., Charlotte, NC 28269; www.doc.com.
In an age of globalization and rapid changes through scientific progress, two of our societies' (and economies') main concerns are to satisfy the needs and wishes of the individual and to save precious resources. Cloud computing caters to both of these.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.