Photonic Chips are wafer-based, integrated, optical sub-assemblies for high-volume telecommunication and data communications applications. They combine miniature optic and electronic components onto semiconductor wafer assemblies for use with optical fibers that have large voice, data, and video data-transfer capabilities. The manufacturer of high-performance optoelectronic devices that convert electrons to photons and back again relies mostly on manual assembly techniques. Digital Optics Corp. has developed a suite of manufacturing techniques that automate the making of optoelectronic modules. Passive components such as lenses and mirrors are fabricated on wafers using photolithography. Optical assemblies are built up through wafer-to-wafer bonding. Flip chip techniques are used for adding active components such as lasers and electronic elements. Initial applications for the technology include devices for short-range data communications and integrated sensor modules. Digital Optics Corp. works within an ISO 9001 infrastructure. Contact Digital Optics Corp., 5900 J. North Woods Business Pkwy., Charlotte, NC 28269; www.doc.com.
The standards electrical machines and components are required to meet in the food processing industry are far more stringent than those in traditional plant construction. For specialized production environments such as these, components must not only resist thermal and physical stresses, but they must also be resistant to the chemicals used to sterilize equipment.
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