Gears that help transfer power from the actuator motor to electronic parking brakes in Audis, Bentleys and Bugattis are injection molded from Fortron linear polyphenylene sulfide (PPS). The electromechanical brakes are operated by a switch in the passenger compartment that activates actuators at the rear brake calipers. These brakes prevent a car from rolling on inclines as steep as 30 percent. They remain active until the car has enough forward speed not to roll back. The PPS spur gear within the actuator has a diameter of about 30 mm and is driven by a belt from an electric motor. The gear then drives a transmission that actuates the brake. The actuator housing is also made from an injection molded PPS body and cover. The housing size differs by car, but is generally 130 mm long, 50 mm wide and 80 mm high. The housing must withstand impact of stones propelled by tires and resists degradation from brake fluid and other chemicals used in cars. For more information on PPS gears, go to http://rbi.ims.ca/4933-519.
Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones used to fare quite well in the repairability department, but last year's flagship S5 model took a tumble, scoring a meh-inducing 5/10. Will the newly redesigned S6 lead us back into star-studded territory, or will we sink further into the depths of a repairability black hole?
In 2003, the world contained just over 500 million Internet-connected devices. By 2010, this figure had risen to 12.5 billion connected objects, almost six devices per individual with access to the Internet. Now, as we move into 2015, the number of connected 'things' is expected to reach 25 billion, ultimately edging toward 50 billion by the end of the decade.
NASA engineer Brian Trease studied abroad in Japan as a high school student and used to fold fast-food wrappers into cranes using origami techniques he learned in library books. Inspired by this, he began to imagine that origami could be applied to building spacecraft components, particularly solar panels that could one day send solar power from space to be used on earth.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.