Standard series pneumatic valve manifolds feature plug-in valves and sub-bases, which completely eliminate hand-wiring of individual solenoid coils, wireways, and the internal wiring between manifold sub-bases. The manifolds feature plug-in electrical connections which conform to ISO 5599/II signal path requirements. In addition, the valves and manifold sub-bases conform to the ISO standard 5599/I, which regulates the port designations and the shape of the flow path/connection surface between the pneumatic valves and sub-bases.
Producing high-quality end-production metal parts with additive manufacturing for applications like aerospace and medical requires very tightly controlled processes and materials. New standards and guidelines for machines and processes, materials, and printed parts are underway from bodies such as ASTM International.
Engineers at the University of San Diego’s Jacobs School of Engineering have designed biobatteries on commercial tattoo paper, with an anode and cathode screen-printed on and modified to harvest energy from lactate in a person’s sweat.
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