Calorimetric-principle flow switches use the cooling effect of a flowing fluid to detect flow rates of liquids and gases. These units have no moving parts that can break off or stick, and compensate for temperature changes in the fluid stream. The switches have a temperature response rate that allows the switch to accurately monitor the flow of cooling water to welding equipment, transformers, and other applications that experience rapid temperature changes.
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Are they robots or androids? We're not exactly sure. Each talking, gesturing Geminoid looks exactly like a real individual, starting with their creator, professor Hiroshi Ishiguro of Osaka University in Japan.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.