A team of researchers led by Margaret Murnane and Henry Kapteyn at the University of Colorado developed a sharply focused, ultraviolet or extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) light source that can be used to measure and manipulate objects at the nano-scale. Size has been a major hurdle to developing, or even seeing, the tiny components because the objects can be smaller than the waves of light illuminating them. EUV light, which has a wavelength of only tens of nanometers, can pulse in shorter bursts than any other system currently available. To create this short-wavelength light, Kapteyn and associates use a laser at visible wavelengths, and then convert the light to much shorter wavelengths using high harmonic generation (HHG)–combining photons to generate much higher-energy photons with a correspondingly shorter wavelength. Kapteyn expects the light source to be used for developing and testing EUV lithography equipment. For more information, contact: Josh Chamot from the National Science Foundation at jchamot@ nsf.gov or phone, (703) 292-8070.
Unlike industrial robots, which suffered a slight overall slump in 2012, service robots continue to be increasingly in demand. The majority are used for defense, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs); and agriculture, such as milking robots.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.