Today's best molecular filters, siliceous zeolites, filter gases too slowly to be of much use for everyday applications. So researchers at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, have an alternative solution: carbon nanotubes. Using atomistic simulations, David Sholl and associates calculated both self- and transport diffusivities of light gases in carbon nanotubes and in two zeolites with comparable pore sizes. The carbon nanotube filter gases 100 to 1,000 times faster than siliceous zeolites or any microporous material for which experimental data are available. This increased speed implies that nanotubes could provide a practical way to make large-scale gas filters, says Sholl. For more information, e-mail David S. Sholl at email@example.com.
Researchers at the University of Maryland have achieved a first in lithium-ion battery science: the development of a successful lithium-based battery using one material for all three core components of a battery -- anode, cathode, and electrolyte.
The online Bar Steel Fatigue Database for automotive design engineers has been updated for the fifth time and now contains 134 iterations, or grade/process combinations. It provides better predictability for designing parts with long-term reliability and durability.
FPGAs use programmable fabric to create custom logic, but this flexibility comes at a cost -- usually around 10 times more silicon real estate and 10 times the power dissipation. Can we really claim any FPGA is low power?
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