The Eastman Kodak Company and Sanyo Electric Co. Ltd. have formed a joint venture for manufacturing organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Unlike a discrete LED which has crystalline origins, an OLED is a film-based emitter of light. An OLED display is self-luminous, so it does not require a backlight, weighs less than half of its LCD counterpart, and uses less power. It is also easily patterned for producing flat panel displays. The new technology has thin layers of individual carbon-based elements that emit light when electric current passes through them. A 2.5-inch (measured diagonally) OEL display has 190,000 pixels. Each element or pixel is independently turned on or off, creating multiple colors and fluid, smooth-edged images on the display. And the OLED display won't fade out when the viewer moves from side to side because the viewing angle is 160 deg. The display is readable in bright sunlight and total darkness. The two companies are beginning with a pilot facility this year and graduating to full production in 2003. The displays are designed for use in telephones, cameras, personal digital assistants, and portable entertainment machines. Visit www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/infoImaging/devices_flatPanel.shtml.
Samsung's Galaxy line of smartphones used to fare quite well in the repairability department, but last year's flagship S5 model took a tumble, scoring a meh-inducing 5/10. Will the newly redesigned S6 lead us back into star-studded territory, or will we sink further into the depths of a repairability black hole?
In 2003, the world contained just over 500 million Internet-connected devices. By 2010, this figure had risen to 12.5 billion connected objects, almost six devices per individual with access to the Internet. Now, as we move into 2015, the number of connected 'things' is expected to reach 25 billion, ultimately edging toward 50 billion by the end of the decade.
NASA engineer Brian Trease studied abroad in Japan as a high school student and used to fold fast-food wrappers into cranes using origami techniques he learned in library books. Inspired by this, he began to imagine that origami could be applied to building spacecraft components, particularly solar panels that could one day send solar power from space to be used on earth.
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