Building on the work of Japanese researchers, Scott Chambers and other scientists at Pacific Northwest National Lab (PNNL) think they have a better semiconducting material that one day will lead to faster computing speeds and better data storage. Understanding why the material is better requires an understanding of spintronics—the exploitation of an electron's spin for carrying information. Today's computers use an electron's charge for storing and processing information, which is limited by speed and storage density. Conversely, magnetic storage relies on properties created by an electron's spin. Harnessing the spin creates the possibility of creating new signal processing that could increase speed and data storage densities. What makes Chamber's work on semiconducting materials important is the material's magnetic properties. "Our material has superior magnetic strength," says Chambers. "It's an improvement of nearly a factor of five," he adds. One key to the new material, made from titanium, oxygen, and cobalt, is the technique PNNL scientists use for making it. The method uses atomic beams generated in a vacuum and then directed onto a crystalline surface of strontium titanium where the atoms condense and form a thin film. The magnetic properties were tested and validated by IBM's Almaden Research Center in San Jose, CA. PNNL has turned in an invention report and is pursuing a patent application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. For more information, call (888) 375-7665 or send e-mail to email@example.com.
A middle school team from Rochester, Mich., has again nabbed the grand prize in the annual international Future City Competition, which drew students from 37 regions of the United States, as well as from England and China.
The word “smart” is becoming the dumbest word around. It has been applied to almost every device and system in our homes. In addition to smartphones and smart meters, we now hear about smart clothing and smart shoes, smart lights, smart homes, smart buildings, and every trendy city today has its smart city project. Just because it has a computer inside and is connected to the Web, does not mean it is smart.
Are you being paid enough? Do you want a better job? According to a recent survey Manpower released just before Engineers Week, employers and engineers don't see eye-to-eye about the state of US engineers' skills and experience.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.