One of the most famous engineers in American politics may in fact not be an engineer at all. It depends on how you define it. A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946, former President Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) then spent two years on surface ships before becoming a submarine officer. In that role, he studied the use of atomic power for ship propulsion, generation of electric power, and scientific research. Carter received a Bachelor of Science from the Naval Academy, which confirmed that although students took many traditional engineering courses, at the time they did not receive an actual degree in a specific engineering discipline.