Using Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) with AHSS does present some technical hurdles. AHSS are sensitive to heat inputs of GMAW and can potentially suffer from microstructure changes and reductions in mechanical properties. It's a problem made all the worse in the down-gauged sheet made possible by AHSS strength. In his GDIS presentation, Ford's Elliott outlined some of the company's ongoing work to optimize GMAW process variables and weld-line geometry. For example, he identified a number of variables that can increase fatigue life of a lap-welding joint between a 3.4 mm AHSS (DP 600) and a 3.8 mm mild steel. Among the variables are decreasing wire feed speed and travel speed while increasing torch angle, push angle and the contact-to-work-distance.
Researchers have been working on a number of alternative chemistries to lithium-ion for next-gen batteries, silicon-air among them. However, while the technology has been viewed as promising and cost-effective, to date researchers haven’t managed to develop a battery of this chemistry with a viable running time -- until now.
Norway-based additive manufacturing company Norsk Titanium is building what it says is the first industrial-scale 3D printing plant in the world for making aerospace-grade metal components. The New York state plant will produce 400 metric tons each year of aerospace-grade, structural titanium parts.
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