Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (www.nist.gov) have developed a new method to produce uniform, self-assembled nanocells for drug therapies, such as chemotherapy, in which dosage depends critically on the size of the nanocells. The new method uses micrometer-size channels etched into a device to produce self-assembled liposomes—a type of artificial nanocell—of specific sizes from 100 to 240 nm. A stream of lipids dissolved in alcohol is directed at an intersection of two channels while a water-based liquid containing medicines or other substances is sent toward the lipid stream from two opposing directions. Self-assembled nanocells are formed when the lipids surround the water rather than mixing with it.
Researchers working with additive manufacturing have said multimaterial techniques will allow industry “to fabricate materials with combinations of density, strength, and thermal expansion that do not exist [yet].”
The term "multiphysics" is used to describe the simulation of multiple types of physics and their influence on one another -- for example, the investigation of the behavior of a chemical in liquid form will involve both chemistry and fluid dynamics.
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