Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (www.nist.gov) have developed a new method to produce uniform, self-assembled nanocells for drug therapies, such as chemotherapy, in which dosage depends critically on the size of the nanocells. The new method uses micrometer-size channels etched into a device to produce self-assembled liposomes—a type of artificial nanocell—of specific sizes from 100 to 240 nm. A stream of lipids dissolved in alcohol is directed at an intersection of two channels while a water-based liquid containing medicines or other substances is sent toward the lipid stream from two opposing directions. Self-assembled nanocells are formed when the lipids surround the water rather than mixing with it.
A bold, gold, open-air coupe may not be the ticket to automotive nirvana for every consumer, but Lexus’ LF-C2 concept car certainly turned heads at the recent Los Angeles Auto Show. What’s more, it may provide a glimpse of the luxury automaker’s future.
The complexity of diesel engines means optimizing their performance requires a large amount of experimentation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a very useful and intuitive tool in this, and cold flow analysis using CFD is an ideal approach to study the flow characteristics without going into the details of chemical reactions occurring during the combustion.
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