Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (www.nist.gov) have developed a new method to produce uniform, self-assembled nanocells for drug therapies, such as chemotherapy, in which dosage depends critically on the size of the nanocells. The new method uses micrometer-size channels etched into a device to produce self-assembled liposomes—a type of artificial nanocell—of specific sizes from 100 to 240 nm. A stream of lipids dissolved in alcohol is directed at an intersection of two channels while a water-based liquid containing medicines or other substances is sent toward the lipid stream from two opposing directions. Self-assembled nanocells are formed when the lipids surround the water rather than mixing with it.
The supply chain will change significantly over the next 10 years as industry 4.0 technology enhances supply chain performance, according to the 2015 MHI Annual Industry Report, “Supply Chain Innovation — Making the impossible possible.”
United Launch Alliance will fly 3D-printed flight hardeware parts on its rockets starting next year with the Atlas V. The company's Vulcan next-gen launch vehicle will have more than 100 production parts made with 3D printing. The main driver? Parts consolidation and 57% lower production costs.
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