At the 2002 SAE show in Detroit last March, Southwest Research Institute announced it is forming a consortium for investigating the potential of common lubricating oils to degrade and poison emissions control systems for diesel and gasoline engines. Diesel Aftertreatment Sensitivity to Lubricants, Non-Thermal Catalyst Deactivation (DASL/N-TCD) is a combination of two research projects. "Both will benefit from the research performed under the new consortium," says Bruce Bykowski, assistant director of the Institute's Emissions Research Department. The DASL portion is a parametric study designed to expose diesel emissions-control systems to oil combustion by-products. Researchers measure the deactivation of the emissions control systems as a consequence of oil exposure to determine the effects of lubricating oil components such as sulfur, phosphorus, zinc, and calcium. The N-TCD portion of the consortium explores the mechanisms of emission control system deactivation as a result of oil exposure. Any companies interested in joining the consortium should contact Bykowski at the Emissions Research Dept., Southwest Research Institute, P.O. Drawer 28510, San Antonio, Texas 78228-0510. On the Internet, go to http://www.swri.org.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
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Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
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