The Office of Naval Research and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency are funding development of a new thermoelectric material at Research Triangle Institute (RTI) that responds 23,000 times faster than existing thermoelectric materials. "The secret is our use of alternating layers of bismuth and telluride antimony," says Rama Venkatasubramanian, the researcher who developed the material. "We made a super lattice where electrons flow freely, but thermal processes are inhibited." A thermoelectric module with just one square centimeter of the new material provides 700 watts of cooling under a temperature gradient of 58F, according to Venkatasubramanian. "This will almost certainly improve the performance and capability of many cooling and power-generation systems for Department of Defense applications," says Valerie Browning, program manager at DARPA's Defense Sciences Office. Anticipated applications for the thermoelectric material include fiber-optic switches, microprocessors, power electronics, laser devices, infrared imaging, and microelectrothermal systems. RTI is a non-profit research organization. Small "laboratory quantities" are available now. For more information, e-mail Venkatasubramanian at email@example.com or go to www.rti.org/units/es/csr/rama.cfm.
A simple new chemical method for repairing and recycling notoriously difficult carbon fiber composites has been developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research. An entire component can be completely recycled, including reclaiming its expensive carbon fibers for reuse.
In today’s connected world we are seeing the beginning of connected homes, smart grids, self-driving automobiles, drones, and many other amazing devices. Out of all the soon-to-be connected devices, which device poses the greatest dangerous to its users and society?
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