National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers have developed a dc and ac Josephson voltage standard system that produces output voltages of up to 0.25V, making possible far more precise measurements and comparisons with existing power-detection-based ac voltage standards. Currently, the team is striving to achieve output voltages of 0.5 to 1V, which would reduce uncertainties in ac voltage measurements by three to four orders of magnitude, similar to today's dc volt standards that are based on quantum effects.
On Memorial Day, Americans remember the sacrifices the US armed forces have made, and continue to make, in service to the country. All of us should also consider the developments in technological capabilities and equipment over the years that contribute to the success of our military operations.
In order to keep in line with safety protocols, industrial networks need to be filtered in a semantic way so that only information related to diagnostics is flowing back to the vendor and that any communications that could be used for remote machine operations are suppressed.
Advanced visualization can depict an entire plant in motion, while also detailing an individual workstation. Individual products can be rendered different for each discipline involved — marketing, engineering, or suppliers.
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