Cool party trick: Van Arsdell's coffee cup stirling engine kit.
With the potential to achieve much higher efficiencies and run cleaner than internal combustion engines, Stirling engines—which use an external heat source to perform work—have long been a source of fascination for engineers. In fact, when Aeronautical Engineer Brent Van Arsdell first saw a friend of his running a Stirling engine on a bowlful of ice cubes, his first thought was, "I've got to build one myself." Since then, he has come up with ten different engine designs and "probably assembled a couple thousand engines by hand." And, he has made it his mission to educate the world about this unique engine design. Plus, he gets to show people the Ideal Gas Law in action! His company, American Stirling ( www.stirlingengine.com), develops Stirling engines for the educational market as well as demonstration kits. His most popular item: The MM-5 Coffee Cup Engine Kit, which includes all the components needed to build an engine that operates at 250 rpm on a Starbucks' espresso or 100 rpm on a bowl of Cherry Garcia ice cream. It's a great party trick, he says. As far as practical use, Van Arsdell says that his engines put out only a tiny amount of power—anywhere from 2 to 30 mW. The problem, says Van Arsdell: It's difficult to build a Stirling engine that puts out a high power density, and the cost would be prohibitive for many mainstream applications. In fact, if you know of a small Stirling engine that is cost-competitive with gas or diesel engines on a per kW-basis, Van Arsdell would like to hear from you at email@example.com.
California’s plan to mandate an electric vehicle market isn’t the first such undertaking and certainly won’t be the last. But as the Golden State ratchets up for its next big step toward zero-emission vehicle status in 2018, it might be wise to consider a bit of history.