Cool party trick: Van Arsdell's coffee cup stirling engine kit.
With the potential to achieve much higher efficiencies and run cleaner than internal combustion engines, Stirling engines—which use an external heat source to perform work—have long been a source of fascination for engineers. In fact, when Aeronautical Engineer Brent Van Arsdell first saw a friend of his running a Stirling engine on a bowlful of ice cubes, his first thought was, "I've got to build one myself." Since then, he has come up with ten different engine designs and "probably assembled a couple thousand engines by hand." And, he has made it his mission to educate the world about this unique engine design. Plus, he gets to show people the Ideal Gas Law in action! His company, American Stirling ( www.stirlingengine.com), develops Stirling engines for the educational market as well as demonstration kits. His most popular item: The MM-5 Coffee Cup Engine Kit, which includes all the components needed to build an engine that operates at 250 rpm on a Starbucks' espresso or 100 rpm on a bowl of Cherry Garcia ice cream. It's a great party trick, he says. As far as practical use, Van Arsdell says that his engines put out only a tiny amount of power—anywhere from 2 to 30 mW. The problem, says Van Arsdell: It's difficult to build a Stirling engine that puts out a high power density, and the cost would be prohibitive for many mainstream applications. In fact, if you know of a small Stirling engine that is cost-competitive with gas or diesel engines on a per kW-basis, Van Arsdell would like to hear from you at email@example.com.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
If you have a Gadget Freak project, we have a reader who wants to make it. And not only will you get your 15 minutes of fame on our website and social media channels, you will also receive $500 and be automatically entered into the 2015 Gadget Freak of the Year contest.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
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