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Mechatronics Zone
Specifying & Creating Data-Acquisition Systems, Part 3
4/5/2012

Superimposed Butterworth-filter plots for fc values of 1,500Hz and 2,000Hz show the frequencies at which 84dB attenuation occurs. This value helps you determine sample rates for a 14-bit ADC.

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The math behind frequency aliasing
4/6/2012 11:07:52 AM
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The next column explains the math (with a few equations) behind the frequency aliasing. Engineers often understand the concept of aliasing, but the math provides details.

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Re: Who uses this?
4/6/2012 10:03:31 AM
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We use them a lot in vibration testing/measurement.  If you consider the sampling rate of a sine wave, and the apparent measured frequency of high frequency signals measured too slowly, Nyquist is a good place to start, but we typically acquire data at much higher speeds than 2X our filter cutoff frequency.

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using filters and the Nyquist-Shannon theorem
4/6/2012 1:08:01 AM
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Execellent  explanation on using filters and the Nyquist-Shannon theorem  . This will be of great use to every engineer as Nyquist-Shannon theorem was and is  realy the backbone of communication engineering. Thanks   Jon!

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Another Keeper!
4/5/2012 7:55:00 PM
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Very nice explanation on using filters and the Nyquist-Shannon theorem  -  something every test engineer needs to keep in mind when determining their sampling rate. Thanks for another great article, Jon!

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Use of anti-alias filters...
4/5/2012 12:27:00 PM
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I recommend using an anti-alias filter whenever you must measure anuthing more than a DC, or near-DC signal. Some companies include them in data-acquisition equipment or on analog-to-digital-converter (ADC) boards, and some don't, so it pays to ask. If a board or system includes a filter or filters, find out how much control you have over it and get a plot of frequency vs. attenuation (a Bode plot) and a plot that shows phase vs. frequency. I didn't get into phase changes in this column, but people should know that filters change phase relationships of signals, too.  Those changes could affect measurements when you must correlate signals in the time domain.

Engineers can build their own anti-alias filters, but I don't recommend that course unless they have filter-design experience and plan to build a lot of them. Commercial filters are the way to go in almost all situations.

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Who uses this?
4/5/2012 11:21:29 AM
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Interesting article, Jon. Are these filters widely used these days? And who is using them? Is this mostly for large, advanced organizations or is it more more widely deployed?

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