Some of the latest nautical robots take a variety of forms. They can look like small boats, tiny four-wheeled vehicles, or realistic fish. We include several professional remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), which are getting smaller and more talented. One ship-inspection version was designed by engineering students who invented a novel detachment mechanism that gives the robot the ability to stay attached to structures while passing over concave edges. Others are aimed at collecting ocean data or performing search-and-rescue operations in water.
Nautical robots that look like or emulate fish and turtles so they can interact with living creatures are becoming increasingly sophisticated in their movements. A design from
Sandia Labs will be able to transform itself from a swimming robot, to one that flies through the air, to one that uses wheels on land. Another is an open-source hardware project to develop swarms of tiny, shape-transforming boats that detect and help clean up ocean pollution.
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The Little Benthic Crawler (LBC) is SeaBotix's hull-inspection system for extreme environments. While moving freely through water, the mini-ROV (remotely operated vehicle) can perform inspections of harbors and wharfs. Operators can roll the LBC and attach it to a ship's hull via the machine's dual vertical thrusters. Once attached, the robot switches to a four-wheel drive mode for locomotion at speeds up to 100 feet per minute. Its vortex suction device lets the robot stick in place to a ship's hull in currents of up to 5 knots, as well as maintain a stable platform for sensors during hull inspections. This also lets the robot attach to non-ferrous metal surfaces. The LBC measures 21 inches x 19.7 inches x 15.7 inches with crawler skid attached and weighs 61.7 lb.
Mr. Wirtel, I think that lady may have been Jane Goodall. And I agree with you about venturing into the territory of wild creatures slowly and consistently. Since humans don't look or smell like birds or fish, it's obvious to them we're not competitors, but we might be predators. In the case of chimpanzees and gorillas, I suspect the concern is to make sure they realize we're not competitors.
You response about birds brings to mind just how dumb birds are, hence the term"Bird Brain". Then I have to wonder if fish are not even dumber, except when I have a rod and reel in my hands, then they are brilliant. I guess my point is, wild creatures will often accept interlopers into their areas, so long as it is done slowly, quietly and consistantly. I remember reading of a lady who studied apes and she would often venture into their sphere of influence, but never dressed as an ape. It seems to me she wrote that it was important for her safety that they apes knew she was not one of them.
Thanks, Mr Wirtel. I don't totally understand the idea of fish-like robots interacting with real fish, either, although I've read the explanations by researchers. But don't be too quick to assume fish would not be fooled by a robot fish. Birds have been fooled by robotic birds, assuming their movement was realistic enough.
Ann, that was a very fine article with some fascinating photos. I do not understand the need to design fishlike robots so they will interact with living creatures. People have been interacting with fish for years, from diving bells, shark cages, diving suits, scuba gear, and similar things. None of which resemble the species being studied. Surely a fish would not be fooled into a relationship by a a silicon fish shaped robot.
I agree, Greg. Although FlipperBot is a pure R&D project and aimed more at biosciences than engineering applications, it will be interesting to see how much further the locomotive concept is developed.
Thanks for that interesting input, bobjengr. There are tons of nautical ROVs, and some AUVs, made specifically for oil & gas applications, usually for use in conjunction with divers instead of to replace them. If your sister-in-law's sister's husband isn't using these already, he probably will be soon.
Ann--excellent post. My sister-in-law has a sister whose husband works as a diver in the Gulf of Mexico. His job is to inspect and repair, when necessary, "Texas Towers". In talking with him on several occasions, the risks involved are significant and very dependent upon weather conditions and water turbulence in the Gulf. They were extremely busy as a result of the BP spill. Every tower within a certain radius of the spill had to be inspected. I have sent him this link. It's very timely and very informative. It's amazing to me the marvelous uses robotic systems have found and the work they are doing. Great post.
Norway-based additive manufacturing company Norsk Titanium is building what it says is the first industrial-scale 3D printing plant in the world for making aerospace-grade metal components. The New York state plant will produce 400 metric tons each year of aerospace-grade, structural titanium parts.
Siemens and Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology have achieved a faster production process based on selective laser melting for speeding up the prototyping of big, complex metal parts in gas turbine engines.
BMW has already incorporated more than 10,000 3D-printed parts in the Rolls-Royce Phantom and intends to expand the use of 3D printing in its cars even more in the future. Meanwhile, Daimler has started using additive manufacturing for producing spare parts in Mercedes-Benz Trucks.
SABIC's lightweighting polycarbonate glazing materials have appeared for the first time in a production car: the rear quarter window of Toyota's special edition 86 GRMN sports car, where they're saving 50% of its weight compared to conventional glass.
Design engineers play a big role in selecting both suppliers and materials for their designs. Our most recent Design News Materials Survey says they continue to be highly involved, in some ways even more than the last time we asked to peek inside their cubicles.
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