The surge toward smaller, turbocharged automotive engines continues. Now comes word that a powerful four-cylinder engine from BMW with direct injection and turbocharger (designated X1 28i), has more torque than its six-cylinder predecessor; goes from 0 to 100 km per hour faster; and has a higher maximum speed.
One of the reasons is a Low-Emission Sealing Solutions (LESS) from Freudenburg, an automotive supplier specializing in materials technology. Friction is reduced at the crankshaft while at the same time increasing running performance.
Encoder technology, using precise magnetization technology, controls the combustion process in the engine. Freudenberg is using dynamic magnetization, which is used in encoders to give electricity impulses a magnetic pattern. This procedure allows for very accurate and highly variable signal transmission. This allows the signal from the encoder to be adapted exactly to meet the requirements of the sensor.
These new 3D-printing technologies and printers include some that are truly boundary-breaking: a sophisticated new sub-$10,000, 10-plus materials bioprinter, the first industrial-strength silicone 3D-printing service, and a clever twist on 3D printing and thermoforming for making high-quality realistic models.
Using simulation to guide the drafting process can speed up the design and production of 3D-printed nanostructures, reduce errors, and even make it possible to scale up the structures. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a model that does this.
Engineers need workhorse materials with beefy mechanical properties for industrial designs made with 3D printing. Very few have been designed from the ground up for additive manufacturing, but that picture is beginning to change.
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