Environmental arguments aside, the weak link in the electric car story might be a soft metal called neodymium. You may have heard of Nd:YAG lasers. The Nd stands for neodymium. Another major use is in permanent magnets, such as those used in electric cars. China controls most neodymium production and is now restricting exports and boosting tariffs. As a result of China’s actions and demand from electric car makers, neodymium prices are now close to $90/kg, up from $19.12 in 2009.
Efforts to find new global sources for the metal are accelerating. A Japanese joint venture will look for neodymium in Vietnam. An article in the Denver Post says there is a new “gold rush” for rare earth metals such as neodymium in Colorado and other Western states.
And not surprisingly, engineers are at work trying to improve the performance of induction motors in which magnetism is created by applying an electrical charge. The problem with induction motors is their poor efficiency and their large size compared to motors using permanent magnets. Continental AG, the largest noncaptive electric motor supplier for autos, is also working on alternative technical solutions.
Instead of sifting through huge amounts of technical data looking for answers to assembly problems, engineers can now benefit from 3M's new initiative -- 3M Assembly Solutions. The company has organized its wealth of adhesive and tape solutions into six typical application areas, making it easier to find the best products to solve their real-world assembly and bonding problems.
Many of the materials in this slideshow are resins or elastomers, plus reinforced materials, styrenics, and PLA masterbatches. Applications range from automotive and aerospace to industrial, consumer electronics and wearables, consumer goods, medical and healthcare, as well as sporting goods, and materials for protecting food and beverages.
Engineers trying to keep track of the ever-ballooning number of materials and machines for additive manufacturing and 3D printing now have some relief: a free searchable database with more than 350 machines and 450 different materials.
At JEC Europe Dow Automotive introduced a new ultra-fast, under-60-second molding cycle time for its commercial-grade VORAFORCE 5300 epoxy resin matrix for carbon composites. It's aimed at high-volume automotive manufacturing.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.