In a pilot plant in Brisbane, Australia, where a consortium including Neste Oils conducts algae-based biofuel research, algae is grown both in tubular photobioreactors, shown here, as well as in open ponds. (Source: Solar Biofuels Research Centre)
The growing energy demand cannot be satisfied solely by relying on fossil fuels, as fossil fuels will eventually become depleted. Algae based fossil fuel will be one of the best solution for world's energy requirements.
The Solar Biofuels Research Centre in Brisbane, Australia hosts one pilot project run...
Australia also has geographical advantages such as long coastlines and large, flat deserts in the interior under year-around sunshine and stable atmospheric conditions. Given these factors, Australia is one of the best places to grow marine micro-algae for oil extraction.
What are the green house effect of producing algae based biofuel? Whether the carbon required for biofule generation, captured from power plants and oil refineries? Is there any effective way to bottle releases from industrial sources?
AnandY, there's a lot of info about this topic on the web in several locations. The answer, of course, is "It depends..." on various variables. You might want to start with the link given in the article for the research center.
What is the local enviromental impact of this refinery? Are coral reefs in jeopardy due to water run off? Does the island smell like diesel or a sweet swampy smell from healthy algae lagoons? Only ask because every underwater film I have seen in the past 10 years of the Great Barrier Reef off of Australia alwasy shows what they believe a few degrees difference in water temperature can do to a coral reef.
Plastic bags can become useful as either raw materials for plastics or feedstock for fuel. It's when they're not recycled that they become a major problem. That's what California's bag ban will prevent.
NASA's JPL and Caltech have achieved the mind-boggling feat of 3D printing multiple metals in a single end-part, grading from one alloy to another. They've also developed a method for combining metals with carbon fiber composites in end-production parts.
More and more robots are becoming more autonomous all the time. Now Lockheed Martin has completed a demo mission with two completely autonomous robotic vehicles performing resupply, reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition.
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