Large-scale open ponds for growing micro-algae are one of the methods used by Cellana at its Kona, Hawaii demonstration facility for achieving the production of consistent, high-volume, commercial-scale feedstock. The six-acre plant has grown more than 20 metric tons of whole algae biomass since it opened in 2010, using the company's ALDUO commercial-scale, two-stage outdoor process. (Source: Cellana)
The growing energy demand cannot be satisfied solely by relying on fossil fuels, as fossil fuels will eventually become depleted. Algae based fossil fuel will be one of the best solution for world's energy requirements.
The Solar Biofuels Research Centre in Brisbane, Australia hosts one pilot project run...
Australia also has geographical advantages such as long coastlines and large, flat deserts in the interior under year-around sunshine and stable atmospheric conditions. Given these factors, Australia is one of the best places to grow marine micro-algae for oil extraction.
What are the green house effect of producing algae based biofuel? Whether the carbon required for biofule generation, captured from power plants and oil refineries? Is there any effective way to bottle releases from industrial sources?
AnandY, there's a lot of info about this topic on the web in several locations. The answer, of course, is "It depends..." on various variables. You might want to start with the link given in the article for the research center.
What is the local enviromental impact of this refinery? Are coral reefs in jeopardy due to water run off? Does the island smell like diesel or a sweet swampy smell from healthy algae lagoons? Only ask because every underwater film I have seen in the past 10 years of the Great Barrier Reef off of Australia alwasy shows what they believe a few degrees difference in water temperature can do to a coral reef.
The 100% solar-powered airplane Solar Impulse 2 is prepping for its upcoming flight, becoming the first plane to fly around the world without using fuel. It's able to do so because of above-average performance by all of the technologies that go into it, especially materials.
As the 3D printing and overall additive manufacturing ecosystem grows, standards and guidelines from standards bodies and government organizations are increasing. Multiple players with multiple needs are also driving the role of 3DP and AM as enabling technologies for distributed manufacturing.
A growing though not-so-obvious role for 3D printing, 4D printing, and overall additive manufacturing is their use in fabricating new materials and enabling new or improved manufacturing and assembly processes. Individual engineers, OEMs, university labs, and others are reinventing the technology to suit their own needs.
For vehicles to meet the 2025 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, three things must happen: customers must look beyond the data sheet and engage materials supplier earlier, and new integrated multi-materials are needed to make step-change improvements.
3D printing, 4D printing, and various types of additive manufacturing (AM) will get even bigger in 2015. We're not talking about consumer use, which gets most of the attention, but processes and technologies that will affect how design engineers design products and how manufacturing engineers make them. For now, the biggest industries are still aerospace and medical, while automotive and architecture continue to grow.
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