Large-scale open ponds for growing micro-algae are one of the methods used by Cellana at its Kona, Hawaii demonstration facility for achieving the production of consistent, high-volume, commercial-scale feedstock. The six-acre plant has grown more than 20 metric tons of whole algae biomass since it opened in 2010, using the company's ALDUO commercial-scale, two-stage outdoor process. (Source: Cellana)
The growing energy demand cannot be satisfied solely by relying on fossil fuels, as fossil fuels will eventually become depleted. Algae based fossil fuel will be one of the best solution for world's energy requirements.
The Solar Biofuels Research Centre in Brisbane, Australia hosts one pilot project run...
Australia also has geographical advantages such as long coastlines and large, flat deserts in the interior under year-around sunshine and stable atmospheric conditions. Given these factors, Australia is one of the best places to grow marine micro-algae for oil extraction.
What are the green house effect of producing algae based biofuel? Whether the carbon required for biofule generation, captured from power plants and oil refineries? Is there any effective way to bottle releases from industrial sources?
AnandY, there's a lot of info about this topic on the web in several locations. The answer, of course, is "It depends..." on various variables. You might want to start with the link given in the article for the research center.
What is the local enviromental impact of this refinery? Are coral reefs in jeopardy due to water run off? Does the island smell like diesel or a sweet swampy smell from healthy algae lagoons? Only ask because every underwater film I have seen in the past 10 years of the Great Barrier Reef off of Australia alwasy shows what they believe a few degrees difference in water temperature can do to a coral reef.
NIST's new five-year strategic plan for its Material Measurement Laboratory lists additive manufacturing materials development as one of the main areas it will support by developing measurements, data, techniques, and models.
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