RoHS International, a New Zealand firm that helps companies manage environmental compliance, has released guidance on Norway’s Prohibition on Certain Hazardous Substances in Consumer Products, which has come to be known as PoHS. The regulation goes into affect January 1, 2008.
The guidance package costs NZ$140, which is roughly $110 in U.S. dollars. The guidance is designed to help companies identify where these banned substances may be used in products. The guidance has separate sections for plastics, electronics, construction, textile industries as well as manufacturers of the end consumer product. There is an individual section offering technical notes for each of the 18 substances in PoHS.
The Norway directive restricts 18 substances with only two (lead and cadmium) that are in common with the European Union’s RoHS. It bans TBBPA (when used additively) and HBCD, which are two of the three brominated flame retardants that are not banned under RoHS.
For industrial control applications, or even a simple assembly line, that machine can go almost 24/7 without a break. But what happens when the task is a little more complex? That’s where the “smart” machine would come in. The smart machine is one that has some simple (or complex in some cases) processing capability to be able to adapt to changing conditions. Such machines are suited for a host of applications, including automotive, aerospace, defense, medical, computers and electronics, telecommunications, consumer goods, and so on. This discussion will examine what’s possible with smart machines, and what tradeoffs need to be made to implement such a solution.