Solar cells that provide as much as 50% more power for Earth-orbiting satellites will help flash back telephone and television signals from space. The cells are based on the two-junction, gallium indium phosphide on gallium arsenide designs developed at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Golden, CO). TECSTAR Inc. (City of Industry, CA) licensed two patents covering the technology for space use. It has adapted the NREL technology to use germanium substrates for the epitaxial growth of the cells. This, in turn, should result in greater efficiencies and reduced costs for space missions. Commonly used silicon cells lose about half of their efficiency after five years in space. The gallium indium phosphide top layers of the new NREL cells have far more resistance to radiation damage, giving them a much longer space life. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
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