The Clinton Administration has proposed the biggest spending boost ever for science and technology, a total of $78.2 billion. The request, part of the President's federal budget for fiscal 1999, faces a bumpy ride in Congress, however. The budget includes broad hikes for R&D in fields of energy, medicine, space, environment, and information science. The Administration earmarked $14.8 billion for research projects launched by the National Institutes of Health, an 8% gain over fiscal 1998. R&D at the Department of Energy would get $7.2 billion, up 11%, largely for the Climate Change Technology Initiative. Defense-related research would rise 5% to $4.3 billion. A 10% increase to $3.8 billion is proposed for research grants issued by the National Science Foundation. The Commerce Department's Technology Administration would get $725 million. About half of that would go for technology development and industrial outreach, mostly through the Advanced Technology Program--which keeps dodging the budget axe--and the Manufacturing Extension Partnership.