Although still three to five years away, computers based on light signals instead of electrical signals might put the Pentium chip to shame. Since 1992, scientists knew that the holes in porous silicon contain microscopic structures that emit light when electric current is applied. But the untreated material was fragile. Oxygen and water molecules in the air interact with the surface and create a glass-like coating that disrupts its photoluminescence properties. Jillian Buriak, assistant professor in Purdue's Department of Chemistry, discovered a way to stabilize the substrate's surface by coating the porous surface of the silicon with Lewis acid, a solution which produces a greasy coating. "Because most current technology is based on silicon, it may be relatively easy to develop the optical applications and combine them with current technologies, as the manufacturing processes are already in place," Buriak says. Porous silicon could easily serve as a flat, display area for computer screens, as well as a basis for computers that operate on light signals.
Enabling the Future is designing prosthetic appendages modeled more like superhero arms and hands than your average static artificial limbs. And they’re doing it through a website and grassroots movement inspired by two men’s design and creation in 2012 of a metal prosthetic for a child in South Africa.
In order to keep an enterprise truly safe from hackers, cyber security has to go all the way down to the device level. Icon Labs is making the point that security has to be built into device components.
Three days after NASA's MAVEN probe reached Mars, India's Mangalyaan probe went into orbit around the red planet. India's first interplanetary mission, and the first successful Mars probe launched by an Asian nation, has a total project cost of nearly $600 million less than MAVEN's.
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