As the world awaits commercialization of 0.18 micron- technology wafers, a University of Texas (Austin, TX) team led by Grant Willson printed 0.08 micron features on a semiconductor wafer using a 193-nm-wavelength stepper. The Semiconductor Industry Association's roadmap for the market did not expect 0.08 micron features until the year 2009. Experts predicted the development of a new post-optical technology to produce sizes at or below 0.10 micron. However, Willson generated the minute features using an etched-quartz phase-shift photomask produced by DuPont Photomasks Inc. (Round Rock, TX). "I didn't believe it could be done at first," says Willson. "It really works better than my wildest imaginings, and it appears that the process latitude is there to generate smaller features yet." Call (512) 471-7272.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.