Among spin-offs from research sponsored by the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization(BMDO)are two very powerful, but different, microscopes. One is an infrared device that uses a focal plane array to obtain both spectral images and signatures of biological and materials. A group of researchers at the National Institutes of Health developed the microscope based on work by BMDO's Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle program. Essex Corp. (Columbia, MD) invented the other microscope, parlaying BMDO-sponsored development of a wideband-range Doppler imager for ground-based radar. The Essex microscope can produce high-resolution holographic images in a few seconds.
For many years, it was believed that the strongest biological substance on Earth was spider silk, but new research says aquatic snails produce an even stronger material that could disrupt manufacturing forever.
Most everyone thinks they are ready for an emergency or a disaster. Most everyone is wrong. But engineers are a unique position here as both the designers and beneficiaries of emergency preparedness systems.
The implementation of a new diesel fuel standard in the US has considerably improved the environmental performance of diesel vehicles. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says that the new ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel has combined with other improved technologies to reduce diesel's particulate matter (PM) emissions by 99%.
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