Designers of machinery powered or controlled by hydraulics or pneumatics need to keep an eye on ISO's technical committee on fluid power. Called ISO/TC 131, the committee has been revamping several global guidelines. It has issued draft standards that specify dimensions for five-port, pneumatic-valve interfaces that are smaller than those currently standardized. ISO/TC 131 also is studying the performance of hydraulic filter elements, hoping to develop standards that will allow better choices of filters and closer monitoring of contamination in hydraulic systems. Under revision, too, are general rules for industrial fluid systems. A subcommittee is attempting to blend in European safety rules. In addition, the committee is updating the standard vocabulary for fluid power, adding definitions and terms in German. Comments Karen Boehme, secretary for ISO/TC 131: "The resulting international standards will make it easier to design, run, and maintain safer, more efficient hydraulic and pneumatic systems."
Some of our culture's most enduring robots appeared in the 80s. The Aliens series produced another evil android, and we saw light robot fare in the form of Short Circuit. Two of the great robots of all time also showed up: The Terminator and RoboCop.
Major global metropolitan areas are implementing a vast number of technology, energy, transportation, and Internet projects to make the metropolis a friendlier, greener, safer, and more sustainable place to be.
Here’s a look at robots depicted in movies and on TV during the 1950s and 1960s. We tried to collect the classics here, omitting the scores of forgettable B movies such as Santa Claus Conquers the Martians and Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine. Stay tuned for slideshows of robot stars from later decades.
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