According to an extensive solder reliability study conducted by the Solder Products Value Council (SPVC), an IPC group, the tin/silver/copper (SAC) alloy family of lead-free solders is producing greater voids in the solder joint. Voids in solder joints are empty spaces within the joint that can be detected by X-ray imaging. Voids in SAC solders have been greater than 25 percent of the joint, a rejectable size for tin/lead solder joints.
The report notes, however, that the lead-free solders are reaching equivalency with the performance of tin/lead solders in spite of the larger voids. The report concludes, "there is no evidence that the type of solder joint voiding observed in SAC-alloy joints had any affect on solder joint reliability."
Weaned on the relatively effortless connectivity of today’s massive variety of consumer electronic products, automation users in the IIoT will likely not tolerate too many competing, piecemeal standards for long. And the Industrial Internet Consortium is trying to preempt history.
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