Forty-seven widely varying technologies can be developed in stages over the next 30 years to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. That's the conclusion of directors of 11 national laboratories of the Department of Energy. They recommend "a vigorous national push" to bolster the 47 technologies. The result, they say, could eliminate hundreds of millions of tons of carbon emissions per year. The report envisions how progress could unfold. The first decade would bring significant advances in energy efficiency technologies--such as in appliances, heating and cooling systems, and transportation. Strides would be made in such near-term practical technologies as electric hybrid vehicles, high-efficiency lighting, super-insulating windows, and passive solar heating and cooling of buildings. The following 10 years would see research-based advances in clean energy technologies. These could include high-efficiency natural gas systems, fuel cells for transportation, microturbines, broad use of biomass fuels, hydrogen-fueled energy systems, and renewable energy, such as solar and wind.
Researchers working with additive manufacturing have said multimaterial techniques will allow industry “to fabricate materials with combinations of density, strength, and thermal expansion that do not exist [yet].”
The term "multiphysics" is used to describe the simulation of multiple types of physics and their influence on one another -- for example, the investigation of the behavior of a chemical in liquid form will involve both chemistry and fluid dynamics.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.