Forty-seven widely varying technologies can be developed in stages over the next 30 years to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. That's the conclusion of directors of 11 national laboratories of the Department of Energy. They recommend "a vigorous national push" to bolster the 47 technologies. The result, they say, could eliminate hundreds of millions of tons of carbon emissions per year. The report envisions how progress could unfold. The first decade would bring significant advances in energy efficiency technologies--such as in appliances, heating and cooling systems, and transportation. Strides would be made in such near-term practical technologies as electric hybrid vehicles, high-efficiency lighting, super-insulating windows, and passive solar heating and cooling of buildings. The following 10 years would see research-based advances in clean energy technologies. These could include high-efficiency natural gas systems, fuel cells for transportation, microturbines, broad use of biomass fuels, hydrogen-fueled energy systems, and renewable energy, such as solar and wind.
According to a study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, one of the factors in the collapse of the original World Trade Center towers on Sept. 11, 2001, was the reduction in the yield strength of the steel reinforcement as a result of the high temperatures of the fire and the loss of thermal insulation.
Robots are getting more agile and automation systems are becoming more complex. Yet the most impressive development in robotics and automation is increased intelligence. Machines in automation are increasingly able to analyze huge amounts of data. They are often able to see, speak, even imitate patterns of human thinking. Researchers at European Automation
call this deep learning.
The promise of the Internet of Things (IoT) is that devices, gadgets, and appliances we use every day will be able to communicate with one another. This potential is not limited to household items or smartphones, but also things we find in our yard and garden, as evidenced by a recent challenge from the element14 design community.
Focus on Fundamentals consists of 45-minute on-line classes that cover a host of technologies. You learn without leaving the comfort of your desk. All classes are taught by subject-matter experts and all are archived. So if you can't attend live, attend at your convenience.