A prototype of a spacecraft planned as a 'lifeboat' for crews on the International Space Station passed a major milestone. The wingless X-38, the first new U.S. spacecraft developed in more than 20 years, successfully made its maiden unpiloted flight test. The nine-minute flight of the atmospheric test vehicle took place at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center in California. The vehicle dove from the wing of a B-52 bomber at 23,000 ft. A series of parachutes slowed its descent. Then a 5,500-sq-ft parafoil--a steerable parachute--billowed out. The X-38 floated to a touchdown on its skids. The craft is the first of several increasingly detailed X-38s being built to test technology for a six-person "crew return vehicle." The X-38 has no engines. It uses the aerodynamic shape of the vehicle to provide the lift that airplanes get from their wings. In 2000, a space shuttle will carry a larger version of the X-38 into orbit. From there it is to plunge back to Earth for a practice landing.
Most machine design engineers will survey existing component manufacturers for standard linear guide products, limiting what they can do with their designs. Using extruded aluminum profile guides can customize machine designs while shrinking the bill of materials.
Weaned on the relatively effortless connectivity of today’s massive variety of consumer electronic products, automation users in the IIoT will likely not tolerate too many competing, piecemeal standards for long. And the Industrial Internet Consortium is trying to preempt history.
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