The National Science Foundation has announced the formation of the Institute for Civil Infrastructure Systems (ICIS). The effort, which involves New York University, Cornell University, Polytechnic University of New York, and the University of Southern California, links professional activities related to what Richard E. Schuler, director of the Cornell Institute of Public Affairs, calls a fragmented industry. "The institute will link engineering and the applied social sciences to develop better solutions for the myriad of infrastructure problems facing the nation," Schuler adds. Institute projects include: expanded use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) by the electric, gas, and water utility industries, workshops and white papers on improved public and private cooperation, use of art to develop community participation in local projects, telecommunications to educate K-6 graders about the infrastructure, and programs to reduce the institutional barrier to new technology. E-mail bpf2@. edu.
The implementation of a new diesel fuel standard in the US has considerably improved the environmental performance of diesel vehicles. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says that the new ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel has combined with other improved technologies to reduce diesel's particulate matter (PM) emissions by 99%.
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