Design engineers are likely to create a host of new applications for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). So predicts a panel of the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. But first, its study says, more R&D must be launched and completed. MEMS can produce tiny 3-D mechanical structures using lithography techniques derived from the construction of integrated circuits. Instead of handling only electrical signals, MEMS merges signal processing with sensing and actuation. Some systems have moving parts. Thus, MEMS makes possible miniature fluid-pressure and flow sensors, accelerometers, gyroscopes, and micro-optical devices. The panel recommends enlarging R&D into MEMS-related fields, including surface materials, etching, packing, assembly, and engineering standards. CAD tools familiar in the design of integrated circuits are needed for MEMS, the study adds. Included are schematic-to-layout generation, automatic routing, and design verification. The result, the study says, could be "a revolution" of MEMS into medicine, robotics, navigation, computers, auto safety, munitions, instrumentation, and many other fields.
Some of our culture's most enduring robots appeared in the 80s. The Aliens series produced another evil android, and we saw light robot fare in the form of Short Circuit. Two of the great robots of all time also showed up: The Terminator and RoboCop.
Major global metropolitan areas are implementing a vast number of technology, energy, transportation, and Internet projects to make the metropolis a friendlier, greener, safer, and more sustainable place to be.
Here’s a look at robots depicted in movies and on TV during the 1950s and 1960s. We tried to collect the classics here, omitting the scores of forgettable B movies such as Santa Claus Conquers the Martians and Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine. Stay tuned for slideshows of robot stars from later decades.
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